Turning in rifles for ballots

FeaturedTurning in rifles for ballots

Turning in rifles for ballots: against the FMLN, in defense of Comandante Marcial

As Central American Independence Day fast approaches, Red Guards – Los Angeles (RGLA) takes this important time to publicize our position and understanding of the historic Salvadoran Revolution, what is sometimes called the Salvadoran Civil War, but what more accurately should be described as the Salvadoran People’s War. It is a necessary critique of People’s War, as well as a necessary attack on the rightism of the FMLN then and now. The essay was written for the clarification and elevation of the Guiding Thought of Salvadoran People’s War, Cayetano Carpio known as Comandante Marcial, and most importantly as a call to the Salvadoran masses to embrace revolution and bombard the revisionist FMLN.


“When history cannot be written by the pen, it must be written with the rifle.” – Farabundo Martí

“This is what happened with the FMLN bourgeoisie and petite-bourgeoisie: they deviated from revolutionary principals and changed their course instead for elections and votes, and they turned in their rifles for ballot boxes filled with millions of dollars.” – the People’s Forces of Liberation – Farabundo Martí – Protracted People’s War – People’s War for Liberation (In Spanish, FPL-FM-GPP-GPL)


The Salvadoran masses carry with them wherever they go on earth a revolutionary legacy but also the cynicism and anger of having been ruthlessly betrayed by the former leaders of their heroic armed struggle, the Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front (In Spanish, the FMLN).

In the U.S., the Central American masses in general number approximately 3.4 million [1]. The Salvadoran masses, in particular, number approximately 1.5 million. [2] The big waves of Central American masses, in particular from El Salvador and Guatemala, began immigrating to the U.S., in particular California, fleeing the repressive state’s armed forces during the revolutions of the 1980s [3].

Prior to the merger of all five armed groups into the FMLN on October 10, 1980, after the assassination of Archbishop Monseñor Oscar Arnulfo on March 24 of that same year, hostilities between the proletariat and peasantry versus the big landlords and the bourgeoisie had been raging on for decades. Even prior to the October 15, 1979 military coup, where the reformist camp of the Salvadoran military took hold of the government in order to avoid a mass uprising and established a civilian-military junta. But the feeble government quickly dissolved and state power was usurped by the more reactionary and fascistic elements of the military.

On January 22, 1932, two years after the historic founding of the Communist Party of El Salvador (In Spanish, PCS) by Farabundo Martí, Miguel Marmol, Mario Zapata and Alfonso Luna, after organizing the indigenous peasants and the small proletariat, the Party launched an offensive against the Salvadoran government mostly in the western part of the country.

The indigenous Pipiles made up the majority of the peasants that participated in the revolution. While bourgeois historians claim that the Party had little-to-no influence over the indigenous masses and that it was merely coincidental that they rose up at the same time (!), we affirm that whether or not the Party organized all of the indigenous revolutionaries, they led the call and subsequent short-lived war. In other words, the PCS, principally led by Farabundo Martí, was the country’s vanguard. The vanguard acts in representation and servitude to the proletariat and the masses.

Bourgeois historians and their contemporary anti-Communist dog followers cannot fathom a non-European Communist Party or non-European socialist revolution. This is where their criticism is borne from. And, yet, history shows us that the peasants are the natural allies of the small proletariat in semi-feudal and semi-colonial countries, like in China, Peru, the Philippines, Turkey and India. And such as El Salvador, where almost the entirety of the country’s land was owned by a handful of dynastic coffee farmer families.

During the January Insurrection – which should be more correctly called the First Socialist Salvadoran Revolution the Salvadoran state suffered causalities, replete with attacks on state army barracks, selective annihilation of big landlords and other enemies of the people, attacks on haciendas and even the seizure of small cities and towns. The Party and its armed forces, although small, unleashed the torrent of fury of the masses, especially the exploited and oppressed indigenous peasants. With crude weapons in hand, mostly machetes, the masses and its Party led a heroic and historic attack against the rising bourgeoisie. This was in part, and not independent from, the 1917 Socialist Russian Revolution.

The First Salvadoran Socialist Revolution was an initiation in blood and gunfire. It was the necessary watering of the soil of revolution and socialism. And it did not happen isolated from the subsequent conflicts between the soon-to-be reconstituting armed Communist Party and the masses against the state.

Communist forces certainly retreated after the devastating defeat of the revolution and the massacre of 30,000 workers and peasants, which would later be known as “La Matanza,” the Massacre in English. But the violently antagonistic relationship between the peasants and the proletariat versus the big landlords and bourgeoisie raged on, peaking in the second initiation of armed struggle after the assassination of Oscar Romero, the Second Socialist Salvadoran Revolution.

The Second Socialist Salvadoran Revolution lasted 12 years, finally ending in January 16, 1992, interrupting the completion of its socialist arch. Its ending was not only premature but a complete betrayal with the FMLN, having lost the line struggle to the rightist revisionist camp, turned into its opposite and became a bourgeois political Party. The FMLN and all its five factions signed the treacherous Peace Accords in Chapultepec, Mexico, giving immunity to both guerrillas and the state’s repressive armed forces. The revolutionary war, the Salvadoran People’s War, was betrayed by the FMLN. It was a decision met with protest and struggle, of which continues today even within the FMLN.

A decisive proponent of the Peace Accords was El Salvador’s leading revisionist, Shafik Handal, former Chairman of the PCS. He embraced with open-arms the bourgeois political machinery. It was there he felt at home. He was a staunch opponent of Comandante Marcial and PPW, and he swooped in like a vulture as soon as the commander died to firmly regain the course of the FMLN straight into red capitalism.

Shafik would take the FMLN into the deepest recesses of revisionism, running for president and losing to the rightwing ARENA political party in 2004. While Shafik may not have won the presidency, a member of the Salvadoran national bourgeoisie Mauricio Funes would win it in 2009. After that, the FMLN has enjoyed its stay in presidential power into the present.


In fact, the country’s current president, Salvador Sanchez-Cerén, was a former leader of the most advanced guerrilla organization within the FMLN, the People’s Forces of Liberation (In Spanish, Fuerzas Populares de Liberación – Farabundo Martí (FPL-FM)). El Salvador’s current red capitalist president once fought side-by-side with one of the greatest Communist revolutionary strategists in the country’s entire history, Salvador Cayetano Carpio, also known as Comandante Marcial.

The following will spend a great deal of attention on Comandante Marcial and the FPL-FM as we assert them as the red line within the entire Salvadoran People’s War, beginning in 1932, suffering a long retreat and then again climaxing in the 1970s but ultimately suffering a devastating blow in 1992. Devastating but completely devastated.

But as Maoists we know that things can turn into their opposites. As Maoists, we know that line struggle exists everywhere and all the time, a constant battle between the proletariat and the bourgeoisie reproduced by capitalism and its agents. This is true in and outside of the Party.

The FMLN was founded as an eclectic, armed, left-foundationalist coalition with competing political lines. Even before its construction, the five armed forces that joined to make up the FMLN, brought with them different lines. Some were Christian Socialists, hugely influenced by Oscar Romero and Liberation Theology. Others were Marxists-Leninists. And within the Marxists-Leninists, some were more staunch supporters of the social-imperialist Soviet Union and their Cuban lapdog. Others were eclectic leftists who had low-levels of organizational unity.

Each of the five armed groups had a corresponding front or Party:

1.) the Armed Forces of Liberation (In Spanish, FAL) was the armed wing of the PCS, forming in 1980.

2.) the Revolutionary Army of Central American Workers (In Spanish, ERTC) was the armed wing of the Revolutionary Party of Central American Workers (In Spanish, PRTC), forming in 1976.

3.) the Armed Front of the National Resistance (In Spanish, FARN) was the armed wing of the National Resistance (In Spanish, RN), forming in 1975.

4.) the People’s Revolution Army (In Spanish, ERP) was the armed wing of the Party of the Salvadoran Revolution (In Spanish, PRS), forming in 1972.

5.) the People’s Armed Forces of Liberation (In Spanish, FAPL) was the armed wing of the People’s Forces of Liberation – Farabundo Marti (FPL-FM), forming in 1970, the first armed Marxist-Leninist group.


But no other group was more militarily-politically advanced than the FPL-FM, led by its founder Comandante Marcial.

Comandante Marcial is known as the “Ho Chi Minh of El Salvador,” principally for his support of the Vietnamese-style method of People’s War. Comandante Marcial would focus with sharp Marxist precision on developing guerrillas, Support Bases and, as Mao had said, to be like fish and swim among the sea of masses.

Ho Chi Minh was a revolutionary, a Great Leader and liberator of the Vietnamese Nation from French colonialism and U.S. imperialism, who fought tirelessly, brazenly with full support and participation of the masses. Comandante Marcial, similarly, was a great political-military Marxist-Leninist leader, with prophetic visions of unleashing the fury of the militarized masses through revolutionary vengeance, particularly through the heroic and highly supported Revolutionary People’s Bloc (BPR in Spanish).

The RN and FARN had split from the ERP over line struggle on the role of the masses in the revolution, whereas a faction within the ERP, of which revolutionary poet and theorist Roque Dalton was a member, pushed for more incorporation of the masses into a prolonged revolutionary struggle. For this, Roque Dalton would eventually be executed under the orders of soon-to-be-traitor of the revolution and capitalist roader Joaquin Villalobos in May 10, 1975. The Joaquin Villalobos and Alejandro Rivas Mira-led militarist faction were more focoists, focusing primarily on armed actions and a quick seizure of power [4]:

Mira’s vision of the revolution, which was shared by Villalobos’s and Rogel’s factions, was short-term and militaristic. A few spectacular actions, they maintained, timed to coincide with an uprising staged by their allies in the Salvadoran army, would be enough to spark a mass insurrection. The emphasis was on taking power, and doing it quickly. Dalton became the spokesman for the dissident view that the ERP’s priority should be a long-term effort to build a mass movement: they would gain power as a result of a complete social transformation. To that end, Sancho and Ramírez’s faction created a shadow structure within the ERP, the National Resistance, or RN. Though the disagreement about strategy began before Dalton’s arrival in El Salvador, Rivas Mira’s group considered him, in the words of one former militant, Roberto Cañas, to be ‘the brain’ behind all dissent.

Like Roque Dalton, the FPL-FM and BPR understood the mass-line method of Communist leadership as principally the tool for “mobiliz [ing] combatively all the popular sectors in the struggle for their immediate demands, as a means of incorporating the people to war” [5] but juxtaposed dialectically with the prolonged nature of People’s War. This was Comandante Marcial’s battle cry, which would continue to echo long after his death.

The Guiding Thought of Salvador Cayetano Carpio, Comandante Marcial


All class struggle produces leaders. All revolutions, specifically People’s Wars, produce a Guiding Thought. Comandante Marcial was just that. He joined the PCS in 1945 at the age of 28. After seeing his advanced grasp of Marxism and a promising future as a Communist militant, the Party sent him to Moscow to study in 1953, coming back in 1957 with a fiery mastery of Marxism-Leninism [6], heavily influenced by the world’s socialist revolutions. As an indirect pupil of Comrade Stalin, studying all the awe-inspiring revolutionary breakthroughs of Soviet socialist society, Comandante Marcial was forever marked with iron-like and unmovable revolutionary discipline. So much so that the revisionists of now and then have always painted him as an orthodox, sectarian, ideologue and dogmatist. But it is the genuine Marxist-Leninist of then, or the Maoist of today, that is and was called sectarian or orthodox or purist or even cultist. How many of the Red Guards collectives or our mass projects and organs have received this criticism – that we are picky who we work with? These revisionists are mad we don’t unite with them in coalitions or armed defense groups or “collectives,” that we don’t work with them! This is the telling signs of scared revisionists, needing to paint the genuine revolutionary Communists as enemies of reason and all sensibilities. To them, we are too Marxist. Too Communist. Too revolutionary. Too serious. Too determined to spill blood, our and theirs, for the glorious cause of Communism. It is not coincidence that the revisionists’ attacks on Comandante Marcial mirrors the opportunistic criticisms of the actual bourgeoisie. Revisionism is capitalism. Both revisionism and capitalism hate genuine armed Communists.

However, like the dangerous weed revisionism is, it did not spare the FPL-FM. Revisionism was being spread by one of the top leaders, Felipe Pena, who was pushing a phony Marxism influenced by Herbert Marcuse, Nicolas Poulantzas and other popular revisionists. Pena pushed for “revolutionary Christians” to be allowed into the FPL-FM, and overturning the organization’s commitment to atheism.

Under Pena, while Comandante Marcial was seriously sick and unable to command the FPL-FM, the organization grew quantitatively but suffered from a liquidation of Marxism. This, compounded with the rightism of La Comandante Ana María leading the armed organization’s most powerful mass organization the BPR, created a hegemony of revisionism within the FPL-FM. But luckily Pena died in battle in 1975 and Comandante Marcial was able to regain control.

Comandante Marcial, like both Mao and Gonzalo, was a critical Marxist thinker and even strategist-theorist of the economic-planning of the new socialist state, mastering the laws of contradictions and implementing the correct, concrete countrywide class analysis – the bloc of classes led by the proletariat with the militarized Communist Party at its head – understanding the underdevelopment of capitalism in agricultural-based El Salvador. El Salvador was and continues to be semi-feudal and semi-colonial. He knew that and applied the Marxist-Leninist-Maoist strategy of New Democratic Revolution to be guided principally by the FPL-FM and BPR.

While the PCS embraced a Central American-version of the arch-revisionism of the CPUSA’s Browder Party-liquidation and electoralism line (although they claimed to have defeated the Browderist line within the Party [7]), Comandante Marcial led the red faction and forged ahead with the FPL-FM and its reconstitution of the Communist Party of the New Type, an anti-revisionist Marxist-Leninist. Comandante Marcial, while not a Maoist, and it is unsure how, if at all, influenced he was by Chairman Gonzalo and the Communist Party of Peru, was a genuine Marxist-Leninist searching for the cleansing fire of Maoism that was moving toward him – rising up from the Peruvian mountains of the Andes. Unfortunately, Comandante Marcial and the FPL-FM would not survive long enough to embrace it.

There are scant writings by Comandante Marcial or scholars and historians that can cite Mao’s influence on the commander. But some sources do say Comandante Marcial studied and applied strategies of People’s War from Chairman Mao. [8]

But nonetheless, since Maoism is universal and its universalities transcend time and space, it is not strange that some were located within the FPL-FM, and principally Comandante Marcial as the main author and theoretician. As leader, he popularized the militarization of the Communist Party and the masses and the concentric construction of the three instruments of revolution, giving special focus on the people’s militias under the command of the People’s Army:

In a very short period, guided by the science of Marxism-Leninism applied to the concrete conditions of El Salvador and Central America, through the politico-military strategy of Prolonged War of the People, it has been able to develop as a revolutionary organization that moves firmly towards its conversion into a Marxist-Leninist revolutionary political Party of the working class, has been able to create the guerrilla and consolidate it in the Salvadoran territory, as a strategic means for the formation of the People’s Liberation Army, has achieved deep organized influence in broad sectors of the people directing it and orienting it actively in its combative struggles and begins to deepen it in the industrial working class; and has begun to form the armed organizations for -military: militias.

But the FPL-FM is not without fault. In fact, they committed grave errors and upheld revisionist lines. After all, they were never Maoists. In fact, “Maoist” was often used as a “deprecating label” by some guerrillas groups, mostly against the ERP – for their criticism of the Soviet Union and Cuba and Salvadoran nationalism, even though they were against Mao’s China. [9] This disastrous understanding of what Maoism was during the 1980s would seal the fate, not just of the ERP but the entire FMLN – for if a Marxist-Leninist organization does not uphold the universality of PPW, the concentric construction of the three instruments of revolution, the militarization of the Party and the development of Great Leadership and a Guiding Thought, its revolution is doomed to deformity and ultimate failure.

A consistent error maintained by the FPL-FM since its formation in 1970 was its support of the social-imperialism of the Soviet Union, from Khrushchev to Gorbachev. The FPL-FM held the revisionist line that Vietnam was socialist. In tandem, they also remained suspiciously silent on the historic Sino-Soviet split – with Soviet social-imperialism backing the Vietnamese – not even denouncing the Chinese revolutionaries. It’s inexcusable for Comandante Marcial not to have intervened in these line struggles and assert the correct proletarian line over the revisionist bourgeois line. But the commander had his sins and the International Communist Movement can take those errors, look upon them, study them, and learn from them.

Struggle from within the Party: the fight against Salvadoran revisionism

When the stone-cutter
finds his hammer brokern
just before beginning his daily work
he thinks about having a better and more powerful tool
and doesn’t accuse the stone of being ultra-left
because of its restraint and tenacious nature.

-Roque Dalton, “Moral on the tool.”


The CP split in two in the face of the situation
the majority who accepted ceased to be ultraleftists
while keeping the name,
the minority who decided to continue being ultraleftists
left the tent led by a baker
named Salvador Cayetano Carpio.

Afterward two ultraleftist organizations rose up
the Popular Forces of Liberation – “Farabundo Marti” –
and the Revolutionary Army of the People – “ERP”-
with the intention that in the future
the authentic Salvadoran ultraleftists
would have what they damn well need, to be ultraleftists
to the end
that is, until the seizure of power
as ultraleftistly as necessary in this country
dominated by the ultraright.

– Roque Dalton, “Ultraleftists.”

After coming back from studying in the Soviet Union, Comandante Marcial rose to leadership of the Party in 1964, becoming General-Secretary, where he developed the thesis of a Protracted People’s War in El Salvador as the only means of constructing socialism. His line, with only a minority of support, was defeated and attacked as “ultraleftist” by the rightist majority. The rightist line was a cowardly call for the peaceful “accumulation of forces” and in waiting for the “objective conditions to change.” Shafik Handal, at that time, was already in several leading positions within the Party, remaining firmly planted in the rightist camp. In 1973 he would be elected the last General-Secretary of the Party [10] and its miserable ending history.

To rightists everything revolutionary and Marxist is “ultraleftist,” just as how Roque Dalton sarcastically portrays it in both poems, “Moral on the tool” and “Ultraleftists.” Comandante Marcial and the red faction left the Party in 1969 but on April 1, 1970, they founded the FPL-FM. This was the first armed Marxist-Leninist guerrilla that would go on to join the five FMLN groups [11].


Due to the lack of internal documents available to the public on the intense line struggle within the Party during that time, we are forced to assume it wasn’t possible, with their particular conditions, to expel or eliminate the rightists from the Party. Since rupture is the basis of all progress and transformation, Comandante Marcial was forced to take on the historic task of reconstructing the highest, most advanced militarized organization for the Salvadoran proletariat, the new Communist Party of El Salvador. Where the revisionist PCS failed to mature into the vanguard for the Salvadoran masses and the proletariat, the FPL-FM would pick up the red banner of Communism and continue the Party building project anew. The Salvadoran Revolutionary Action (In Spanish, ARS) was the country’s first armed leftist group, formed in 1968, but they quickly deviated into militarism and dissolved.

The battle against revisionism is more than a century old but rages on fiercer than ever. Today what is Marxism is more correctly understood as having developed through the historic People’s War and revolutionary struggles of the 20th Century, discovering new universal truths – all encapsulated within the Marxism of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, but illuminated by the Great Leaders and Guiding Thoughts of the 1917 Russian Revolution, the 1949 Chinese Revolution and the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution and of course the Peruvian People’s War.

But the revisionism of each epoch claims Marxism while it hides, sometimes better than other times, the hidden capitalism within it. So, today, when it is asked, when we are asked, what does it mean to be a Communist? The Soviet Union and Socialist China are no more. But the People’s Wars of Peru, the Philippines, Turkey and India rage on – without a socialist power. And so it’s tempting for Marxists and so-called Marxists to claim the era of revolution over, our Strategic Offensive. It is easy to retreat into defeatism and claim Marxism as a comfortable, defanged and safe-and-legal ideology, snuggly nestled in the cold graveyard of bourgeois academia.

But today, when we say Communist, when we say Marxist, we mean Marxist-Leninist-Maoist, principally Maoist. We are not Marxists, for that negates the contributions of Lenin and Stalin. We are not Marxists-Leninists, for that negates the contributions of Mao and Gonzalo. We say we are Maoists, and we carry with us all the immortal contributions of our Great Leaders, principally Mao and Gonzalo.

Comandante Marcial and the FPL-FM, even without publically hoisting up Chairman Mao’s immortal contributions, nevertheless applied them to El Salvador – a peculiar revisionism struggling within itself, that of refusing to rupture with the revisionism and social-imperialism of the Soviet Union after Stalin’s death. Comandante Marcial and the FPL-FM are not exempt from some egregious errors and positions, which will be explored shortly.

Through the Maoist strategy of New Democracy all allied and oppressed social classes are subordinate to the proletariat and its Party’s directives. The Communist Party leads the socialist Cultural Revolution with the direct involvement of the militarized masses in eradicating bourgeois ideology lingering on after the seizure of political power through the smashing and restructuring of the bourgeois state. Comandante Marcial knew this. He knew how important socialist education was as a vital component of the New Democratic Revolution:

The intense ideological education and elevation of the level of political consciousness of the masses of their revolutionary initiative; the intense work of revolutionary persuasion for the reeducation towards Socialism of broad masses of small and medium-sized producers of the city and countryside, of small and medium-sized businesses and other small and medium-sized sectors linked to private property; as well as the less advanced sectors of the middle strata to understand the need to move on to the construction stage of Socialism and to collaborate with the proletariat and the poor peasantry in this historic step. [12]

He borrowed much of his military strategy and theories from Ho Chi Minh and the Vietnamese People’s War, but also forged ahead by elevating and maintaining Marxism-Leninism as humanity’s true proletarian ideology which, if kept in the militarized hands of the masses, if the proletariat’s red flag remains flying, if genuine Communists fight in the life-or-death line struggle against revisionist capitalists within the Communist Party, and if the armed Party commands the Protracted People’s War, victory is guaranteed. Not just for the Salvadoran masses but for all the Central American masses – of which he constantly reaffirmed his undying loyalty! Comandante Marcial was a true internationalist, much like Chairman Mao or Gonzalo who knew of their historic position waging People’s War. Like Gonzalo and Maríategui, Comandante Marcial would pry away Farabundo Martí from the clutches of the revisionist and place him on his rightful place as the founder and Great Leader of the Salvadoran masses. Like Farabundo Martí, Comandante Marcial, would continue what the PCS failed to do: unite all the masses of Central America into one People’s Army:

Agustín Farabundo Martí did not conceive the revolutionary struggle of our people with a narrow chauvinistic criterion, but in all its Central American and Latin American breadth, going in practice to fight in the mountains of Nicaragua. The FPL has, as the basis of its strategy, the historical need to unify the revolutionary struggle of the Central American peoples, until the creation of the Central American People’s Army, for the definitive victory of the Revolution in our peoples.

Comandante Marcial also goes on to say, that:

The figure of Agustín Farabundo Martí inspires the current revolutionary combatants, in the ideological struggle against the pseudo-revolutionary positions of the false Communists, who have abandoned the combative tradition of our people and the principles and methods on which they sustained their struggles [with the] worker-peasant generation of those years. His figure allows the current combatants to resume the tradition of radical struggle of the mass struggles and the tradition of armed struggle of our people, which the pseudo-revolutionaries, opportunists and false Communists, have tried to interrupt by becoming instruments of the bourgeoisie for pacify the rebellion of the Masses.


This was Comandante Marcial. The great unifier of the most progressive social classes and sectors of El Salvador, particularly focusing primarily on the proletariat and then the peasantry. The great torch of anti-revisionist Marxism-Leninism carried through the darkest nights of Salvadoran revisionism. This was and continues to be the red faction’s Guiding Thought since the founding of the FPL-FM, through the Second Salvadoran Revolution up until the present. The revolutionary legacy of Comandante Marcial and his Guiding Thought lives on in the rebellious spirit of the Salvadoran masses who have grown cynical of these false Communists of the FMLN, who have grown angry at the revisionist snakes who do nothing while the most reactionary elements of the Salvadoran bourgeoisie and big landlords continue with their exploitation and oppression, happily striving under the FMLN administration. But wherever there is darkness, there is a light, even if it is but a weak spark refusing to be extinguished.

The lies and treachery against the Salvadoran PPW and Comandante Marcial

On April 6, 1983, the second in command of the FPL-FM Dr. Mélida Anaya Montes better known as La Comandante Ana María, was assassinated in her home in Managua, Nicaragua. A one-time leader of the BPR and member of the FMLN’s General Command, she exerted powerful influence not only over the FPL-FM and its organisms but also within the FMLN.

The story of her assassination, as well as her legacy, is contested by many. All the revisionists uphold her as a great leader, despite her rightism and anti-Party politics.

La Comandante Ana María must be remembered for what she was, what she eventually turned into: her opposite. She attempted to liquidate the armed struggle in favor for quick peace negotiations with the reactionary Salvadoran government. Comandante Marcial and her would have intense and sharp line struggle over the central question of PPW and the Communist seizure of political power – whereas Comandante Marcial upheld the line of revolutionary violence and establishing the dictatorship of the proletariat through proletarian war, La Comandante Ana María favored capitulation to capitalism.

Many, including leadership within the FPL-FM and FMLN, accused Comandante Marcial of her killing, having masterminded it to continue the PPW and neutralize the rightism within the revolutionary movement. So let us be clear: although Comandante Marcial was proven innocent, it would not have been wrong to have been the mastermind of her assassination. In revolution, there is excess and necessary sacrifice. Friendship can only mean the political position an ally of the proletariat and its organization occupies within an analysis of the concrete conditions. We don’t put friends above politics. We certainly don’t put friends above revolution. Imagine if Chairman Mao were to have asked for the Party and the masses to forgive the rightist of his former friend and comrade-in-arms Lin Biao? We don’t liquidate struggle for the sake of maintaining friendship. We liquidate friendship for the maintaining and advancement of revolutionary struggle!

The bourgeoisie’s official line, which is now the FMLN, is anti-Communist, unscientific and filled with inconsistencies and strange un-Marxist claims – grasping for straws – at making sense of the two tragedies. But that’s giving the FMLN too much credit; they embarked on a character assassination campaign against Marcial, citing so-called video evidence of a confession by the actual killer of La Comandante Ana María, FPL-FM Central Committee member Marcelo, saying he received direct orders from Comandante Marcial. However, this contradicted the actual testimony of Marcelo in court in Nicaragua (where the killing took place) who said Comandante Marcial had nothing to do with the assassination of La Comandante Ana María.

These traitors of the FPL-FM and FMLN, knowing the true anti-revisionist Marxist hegemony of Comandante Marcial, weren’t going to bend for revisionism. Like all great reversals, the rightist within the FPL-FM and the FMLN, which including Shafik Handel co-leading the attack, took this time as an opportunity to conveniently to attack the left and blame the setbacks of the Salvadoran PPW on the FPL-FM and principally Comandante Marcial. They used him as the Marxist-Leninist Boogeyman, similar to how Khrushchev used Stalin’s death as the prime opportunity to attack the construction of socialism and instead build capitalism in its place.

He knew the assassination and subsequent allegations against him was a conspiracy against the revolution because he and the FPL-FM represented the correct Marxist-Leninist line in the entire FMLN. And the FMLN feared and hated it, especially because Comandante Marcial was part of the General Command of the FMLN. His revolutionary leadership and political line, as a Guiding Thought, polarized the country: you belonged only in one of two camps, the revolutionary or the enemy. Revisionism is relegated to the latter, and it was from there that FMLN traitors conspired against Comandante Marcial to effectively liquidate his revolutionary leadership and tear apart his influence. The FMLN traitors knew just how to do this. They couldn’t kill him because that would have enshrined him as a martyr to be avenged by the militarized masses and loyal revolutionaries within the FMLN and FPL-FM to bombard the General Command and cease control. The FMLN knew this. Instead what they decided on was far more vicious and effective: the assassination of his revolutionary character, particularly in spreading the lie that he was this ruthless killer devoid of trust and camaraderie. In other words, the FMLN conspired to destroy Comandante Marcial as the Guiding Thought of the Salvadoran Revolution.

And unfortunately, as part of FMLN’s greater betrayal of the revolution, it worked. On April 12, 1983, Comandante Marcial was driven to commit suicide in temporary-yet-severe political demoralization. After finding out of the treachery of his fellow Central Committee members, who worked in unison with the FMLN rat-traitors, the revolutionary military strategist could not overcome the high-treason committed against him, against Marxism, against the masses, and against the revolution.

Revolutionary Communists are not immune to demoralization, even Great Leadership. Bends in the revolutionary road toward Communism are sure to rise up. They are natural. It would be strange and suspect for the road to Communism to be easy and a straight line. If any one, especially leadership, promises you a frictionless, peaceful transition from capitalism to socialism, they should be shot dead where they stand, right then and there, for they are traitors to the revolution and dangerous peddlers of poison.

It must be understood that the mishandling of the liquidation of La Comandante Ana María , and not her actual assassination, as well as the suicide of Comandante Marcial were the final mortal blows to the FPL-FM. They would never recover and devolve into rightism, eclecticism, anti-Marxism and eventual dissolution and liquidation into the rightist headquarters of the FMLN.

But shortly after his death, a group emerged within the FPL-FM who saw through all the murky revisionism and treachery against the Great Leader Comandante Marcial: El Frente Clara Elizabeth Ramirez (FCER) [13] who would, for a short while, continue with the armed struggle but independent of the FMLN and the surviving and deformed FPL-FM.

Biografia Marcial3

April 12 must be a time to remember Comandante Marcial. It should be included in the International Communist Movement as a day of commemoration for the great martyr of the Salvadoran People’s War. It should adorn our political calendars and remind us that it is a time to reflect, to reaffirm Marxism as the proletariat’s guiding ideology – today we call it Maoism – on the march toward Communism.

Today, the vile Salvadoran revisionists continue to commit the highest crimes against the masses and its former vanguard, the FLP-FM, by slandering the name and memory of Comandante Marcial (including the late arch-revisionist snake Handal). They repeat the bourgeois lies about him, that he was an egocentric, power-hungry tyrant. In particular, arch-revisionist professor of philosophy at the University of Central America Ricardo Ribera Sala accuses Comandante Marcial of standard text-book, anti-Communist slander: that he was “sectarianist,” “dogmatic,” “divisive” for the FMLN and revolutionary movement, that he was a confused and bad military strategist, having confusingly applied, seeking to mimic the Vietnamese, the method of PPW.

These revisionist snakes speak with a fork tongue; from one side of their mouth they attempt to praise Comandante Marcial, hoist him up as one of the great Salvadoran Communist revolutionaries, and through the other side of their mouth they, they attack him as viciously at the anti-Communists. This is because revisionists are anti-Communists!

The FMLN’s wartime slogan, like that of the FPL-FM, was “Revolution or death!” but soon after the death of Comandante Marcial and the last anti-revisionist spark of the fire of Communism, it turned into “Revolution or bourgeois integration!”

The FPL-FM today: the potential for revolution or the perpetuation of errors


As of today, the FPL-FM has been reconstituted as the Fuerzas Populares de Liberación – Farabundo Martí – Guerra Popular Prolongada – Guerra Popular de Liberación (FPL-FM-GPP-GPL). Although they are not Maoist and continue to maintain some of the erroneous lines of the first FPL-FM, they remain the most advanced Communist formation in El Salvador.

The FPL-FM-GPP-GPL calls itself the Communist Party of the New Type of El Salvador. They uplift Comandante Marcial as their Guiding Thought and adhere to the Revolutionary Tendency as opposed the hegemonic Democratic Tendency. Their ideological line, as stated on their website, is Marxism-Leninism Salvador Cayetano Carpio Thought [14].

While a lot of information is not public on the FPL-FM-GPP-GPL, enough is available to say that they represent the red line within the country drowning in a sea of rightism and revisionism. They rightfully condemn the capitalist FMLN government. They name the FMLN revisionists – especially Shafik Handal – as enemies of the people. They sharply criticize and condemn the liquidation of the armed struggle and the necessity for a genuine Communist Party leading the Salvadoran masses and proletariat. They envision themselves as being the new Communist Party, but also understand that they are currently in a prolonged reconstitution era.

We cannot succumb to dishonesty and idealistically paint Comandante Marcial and the FPL-FM as Maoists as much as we would wish. No, an honest account and investigation of the Salvadoran Second Revolution, which we have argued was an untheorized and incomplete Protracted People’s War, is needed. We are Marxists. We don’t hide from reality. The FPL-FM represented the correct line in the struggle against rightism, but they, too, suffered from internal rightism and revisionism. They refused to acknowledge the revolutionary shining example of Chairman Mao and revolutionary China and then Peru with Chairman Gonzalo and the PCP.

As mentioned earlier, one huge error of the FPL-FM and Comandante Marcial was dogmatic, mechanical tailing of the “socialist camp” represented by the revisionist Soviet Union. They dogmatically and liberally toted the social-imperialist line of the internationalist revisionist movement. However, the present day FPL-FM-GPP-GPL stands firmly against Cuba and their revisionist national bourgeois government, where once they upheld Cuba as socialist.

Another error was the merger with the FMLN. This effectively liquidated the FPL-FM, as the only anti-revisionist Marxist-Leninist line in the entire country, into an eclectic armed revisionism and then capitalist capitulation – although Comandante Marcial would not live to see this end and was not there to lead the line struggle against the rightists in the FPL-FM and FMLN. The FPL-FM’s course, as Comandante Marcial would say time and time again, was to reconstitute the Communist Party of El Salvador. But that couldn’t have been done while sacrificing Communist politics for “leftist” politics as represented by the FMLN – especially when you are literally fighting in the trenches side-by-side with the remnants of the revisionist PCS!

But the FPL-FM, nonetheless, represented the necessary aggressor against Salvadoran revisionism – with Marcial leading that attack. The FPL-FM, under Marcial, would have never signed the Peace Accords. They very well may have liquidated the entire General Command or place them in a People’s Tribunal and unleash the furious militarized masses to rip them to shreds.

And it is that Carpio did not fight for a simple democratic opening but for an anti-capitalist revolution, with ideology. Marxist-Leninist and the strategy of protracted people’s war, based on the worker-peasant alliance with proletarian hegemony. In short: impose a dictatorship of the proletariat as a transition phase to socialism. [15]

Comandante Marcial may have been on his way in becoming El Salvador’s Chairman Mao or Presidente Gonzalo but mortally interrupted by internal revisionism. Comandante Marcial died, not be suicide, but by his slowness (we refuse to say inability) in grasping Maoism. The living mountains of Ayacucho, with fiery Peruvian hammer and sickles burning on their sides, would unfortunately never reach his eyes. And, until this day, Maoism still remains a non-existent current in the country.

Today the FPL-FM-GPP-GPL continues to reconstitute itself, organizing and training daily while they establish and nurture mass links. The FPL-FM-GPP-GPL continues to call on the militarization of the masses and the creation of guerrilla units for the People’s Liberation Army and the People’s Liberation Militias, in particular through the FAPL and the Proletarian Popular Progressive Patriotic Front for National Liberation (FPLN in Spanish).

They, according to their “Revolutionary Message on April 1, 2017 [16],” will return in a great and historic entry into the battlefield later on this year (2018), leading the armed militarized masses to socialism through the establishment of the Dictatorship of the Proletariat, which they have named as the worker-peasant aligned Revolutionary Democratic Government (GDR in Spanish).

If the FPL-FM is able to liquidate from its ranks and ideology all the revisionism and embrace the highest proletarian ideology of Marxism-Leninism-Maoism, principally Maoism, the new phase within the Salvadoran Revolution is invincible.

The FPL-FM-GPP-GPL should be turned into the Salvadoran’s machine of hate exacting revolutionary vengeance on the class traitors of the FMLN and even former rightist FPL-FM members. For if revisionism is allowed to grow like a weed its roots can grow stubbornly deeper and be harder to remove. The Party and its armed forces will, if guided by Maoism and without mercy, cleanse the country of the treacherous red capitalism of the FMLN.

For now, the FPL-FM-GPP-GPL has retaken the historic task of building the Vanguard for the Salvadoran proletariat, a genuine militarized Communist Party. RGLA looks to them as potential continuators of the Salvadoran PPW, but also warns the Salvadoran masses, abroad and here, to not allow any pre-Party formation to perpetuate the errors of the previous revolution. The time for revolution is now! The time for revisionism is over!

A call to the Salvadoran masses, abroad and at home

Guanacos, the Salvadoran people, in the motherland: we send revolutionary greetings! We wish nothing but the best for our families in El Salvador. We wish nothing but the best for you! Our hearts ache at the treachery you have to live under that calls itself “red” or “socialist” but is only capitalism with the mask of Marxism.

As comrades living in the prison-house of oppressed nations of the United States, we cannot understand fully the contradictions that exist in El Salvador, but we are familiar with much of it because many of us and our supporters were born there, speak to our families in El Salvador often, and have spent time there recently.

We know our older family members are still traumatized from the war. For many, you cannot wear, say, or do anything politically-left without them being reminded of the many casualties of war, pleading for you to stay quiet. We know that the masses were indoctrinated into believing that Communists were devils, mass murderers who would go as far as eating babies and even turn older people into soap – yes, literally soap. Much of this bourgeois propaganda lives on today. Many remember resisting meant massacres, meant decapitation, meant never being seen again, meant the end of living and the beginning of endless death as the state tortured you for the rest of your short lives. This trauma has been passed down to other generations too, even generations who saw no war. We know this is true because the reactionary violence never stopped.

But, we cannot let fear impede us from living and struggling. We know there will be no end to the reactionary violence as long as capitalism continues to exist.

MS-13 and 18th Street have been some of the strongest initiators of day-to-day violence in the country since the end of the war. We understand that disenfranchised proletarian and semi-proletarian youth joined defensive units to protect themselves from harassment, that many grew up without any family to guide them or provide them a loving-humble home, that many were undocumented and had difficulties finding jobs, and that many of the youth who find themselves in this precarious conditions have committed no violent crimes and are victims to their circumstances. But we also know that some of the proletarian and semi-proletarian youth can be won over through class struggle.

In El Salvador, there are neighborhoods you cannot enter without permission. There are neighborhoods with sundown-curfews (a leftover from war), where buses are no longer allowed to commute, where permission needs to be asked if family can visit or if gatherings can be held, where cars must come into the neighborhood without headlights at night or face instant repercussion. There are families who have not seen each other in years for fear of being murdered.

These pockets throughout the country faces so much unheard of reactionary violence that many within the community even yearn for the times during the Salvadoran Protracted People’s War filled with more peaceful moments.

These gangs, these huge drug cartels, have power within many sectors of the government, including the repressive state. They are not low-level thieves. These cartels function as capitalists themselves. Their power is not challenged by ARENA, GANA, or the FMLN; their power, and the fear that comes with it, relies on the state maintaining capitalist hegemony and from keeping the New Power from emerging.

Yes, trauma and fear is alive and well in our country. There is no mistaking it and it must be challenged but only effectively through the class struggle. Their power will go unchallenged as long as the masses of people remain unorganized against predatory drug pushers, pimps and the reactionary state. Their power goes unchallenged as long as anti-imperialists and anti-capitalists continue to think that change can come from within the bourgeoisie state. Have we not learned the lessons of the revisionist FMLN after all these years?

Reactionary violence will not stop as long as capitalism is alive. But, since the end of the war, imperialism has only dug its claws deeper into our country. After the Peace Accords, and especially after the signing of CAFTA, imperialist laws have been implemented left and right leaving our communities in a precarious state. What did the dollarization of our economy accomplish? Who was that change created for? Why do people who make five dollars a day have to pay five dollars for a basic plate of food? None of this makes sense for the masses. These changes were made for the benefit of the bourgeoisie and nothing more.

When those of us in the U.S have gone to see our families we even see similar aspects of gentrification: “Compramos casas”, “Vendan sus casas hoy!” and similar signs are posted in key places throughout the capital of San Salvador and elsewhere where redevelopment is taking place. These changes are not being made for our families or yourself. They are displacing entire communities in order to attract more capital. They are creating pockets of “safe spaces” where tourists can feel comfortable and safe as they look down on our people and admire our culture from afar. None of this is easier to see than in the capital where slums are emerging left and right, where traffic is reaching unforeseen levels and where the bourgeoisie are carving out tourist destinations at the expense of the proletarian communities there. But this applies to the entirety of the country, since its beauty is endless and a bourgeois-vulture will commodify and destroy anything for the sake of money.

“Creating specific tourist destinations while destroying the rest of the country and its nature,” that is the bourgeoisie slogan. The bourgeoisie are literally taking steps to destroy entire future generations in El Salvador. The deforestations and water contamination in our country are at critical levels. In fact, El Salvador is the second most deforested country in Latin America after Haiti and an estimated 90 percent of the water [17] is deemed contaminated and unsafe to drink by international standards. [18]

Where will our future generations live, our children? What will they drink? The transnational companies, the primary reason for these atrocities, do not care about anything besides their wealth. Politicians, even the so-called “leftists,” are bought and sold on the market regardless of intentions. They betray the masses as soon as they become politicians and guide others to believe that change can come from the ballot box. They will preach and preach until the end of time that change will come from within as our families drink, eat, and breathe poison.

The masses understood all this which is why in Cabañas they mobilized to make sure their water was not contaminated any further. They fought and struggled for years, many being targeted by death squads, many being murdered in cold blood, stuffed down old wells, and the rest forced to leave. Yes, some in the government stood against OceanaGold and Pacific Rim, and in the end a law was passed banning mining for metal in the country, and gold mining was also scaled back. But what does it say that this government, regardless of party lines, has put itself in a supposed predicament where millions of lives can be put at risk by the actions of a corporation (we know better: capitalism knows nothing but capital and power, not human life). Due process is what the legal “left” wants. Due process where one corporation has an equal say as millions of lives. This is your government. This is what the FMLN now stands for. To hell with OceanaGold, to hell with Pacific Rim, to hell with the World Bank, to hell with the reactionary state and to hell with revisionists in power!

Revisionists only offer us deception. Their words are empty. Their treaties are with class enemies who never forfeited their power and never will through reasoning. The Peace Accords allowed war criminals, drenched in the blood of our families, to walk free. Through their actions they tell us, “Let us forget these crimes and let us work together with the enemy; let us shout empty words at imperialists and then tell the masses imperialist laws are necessary to build our economy; let us forsake our comrades who would have aimed their guns at us if they had known what we would become; let us tarnish the name of our revolutionary martyrs Farabundo Martí, Miguel Marmol, Mario Zapata. Feliciano Ama, Alfonso Luna and Comandante Marcial and countless others!”

Revisionists, through their actions, show us that they missed the essence of the war and the essence of who their enemy is. The enemy was not a handful of individuals controlling the state – the enemy remains the entire bourgeoisie state! They, by integrating themselves into the bourgeoisie state, have made themselves the enemy to the people. They are now the ones to tell us to hush and stay quiet instead of rebelling – in fact we no longer need to rebel since the government is supposedly socialist and for the people! They are they ones who send the police when we continue to rebel. They are the ones that seek no retribution. They will be the future Sandinistas gunning down rebellious youth as they grasp for a breath of fresh air and proletarian power.

The war, as part of our country’s longer PPW, is at a temporary bend and will not be over until we continue our historic necessity. The bourgeoisie state will not fall unless we hit it. The revolution and our future proletarian state must be guided by a genuine Marxist-Leninist-Maoist, principally Maoist, Communist Party of El Salvador, by the People’s Army, and by the United Front! As Lenin said, “Everything is illusory except power!”


To all the Guanacos in the United States, especially here in Los Angeles, to El Departamento 15: the only international solidarity is organizing towards People’s War here and nothing less. International solidarity is not writing an academic paper to be read by other academics disconnected from the class struggle. It is not about working for a nonprofit that attempts to orientate toward the Salvadoran masses, giving them Band-Aids for mortal wounds. It is not having workshops or cultural events disconnected from revolutionary politics. International solidarity is organizing to end capitalism where you are at and that can only be accomplished through waging Protracted People’s War. People’s War until we have Communism everywhere on earth.

All of our families or most of our families came here illegally. Many perished and continue to perish in their journeys to the United States. They have to traverse three borders, evade drug cartels, xenophobic and chauvinist Mexicans who blame all their problems on immigrants, having to make sure they don’t fall off the train and potentially end up under it. Our people have to make sure they are not sold for body parts, that they are not caught and sold into prostitution. The Salvadoran masses cross a dangerous desert of death, and, evade fascists white supremacists and the state in order not be caught. The road is not easy, but each year more of our families join us.

Now, over one-third of our families live outside of the motherland, most in the United States and most in Los Angeles. But what now? The precariousness in the lives of our families never ends. Many are undocumented to begin with, but more will become so once TPS completely ends. The detention center population is increasing exponentially and our families are the target-commodities. These prisons are being run for profit, are being run to show that the government is doing “it’s job on the war on immigrants.” The fear within our families is only increasing. Many are refusing to go to hospitals. Many fear going to their jobs, sending their children to school for fear of never seeing them again. That FEAR. It never ends.

But our community knows how to survive! They find every way possible to survive and live! Not only that, but they find ways not only for themselves, but for their entire families too. It doesn’t matter if they live day-to-day, month-to-month as long as the remittances get sent back home enough for our families to eat.

No calls to “Abolish ICE”, “Abolish Detention Centers,” “Abolish” anything will work (which ironically, essentially, are all reforms). No pleas, no calls, no lobbying, no marching, nothing deemed legal by the state will work. All roads are dead ends, unless they have revolutionary theory to guide their way and put their words into practice.

Now, a new contradiction arises in our communities: gentrification. Our nation’s people, who are forced to flea from its country, is now being evicted again. Rents are going through the roof and now entire families have to find room in a crowded bed, find space on the floor, use those sofa pillows as makeshift beds in order to afford to pay rent. This country treats us like a nuisance, a nuisance it happily shoves into corners as it extorts all the money we make – through exploitation and oppression. It is time we organize, militarize and fight back violently.

The revisionists in the FMLN told us, “We fought the war so that you would not have to.” These revisionists betray us and our families. They missed the essence of the People’s War. The war is not over and neither is our will. The time to organize is now. Learn from Comandate Marcial and the revolutionary FPL-FM, the FAPL and the BPR. Look to Serve the People – Los Angeles and the Unidades de Defensa Populares Revolucionarias. Look to our people and class! Because nothing less than People’s War will bring about the final victory. Nothing less than our courage to stand up for what is right will create the change our communities so desperately need. Come! Salvatruchas, join us! Join us in our vision! Join us as we grow and progress! Join us on this road to Communism! Join us as we fight! Because if you’re not fighting, then you’re already dead.

Long live the Salvadoran masses!

Long live Comandante Marcial!

Long live the Salvadoran People’s War!

[1] https://www.migrationpolicy.org/article/central-american-immigrants-united-states

[2] http://www.pewhispanic.org/2017/12/07/rise-in-u-s-immigrants-from-el-salvador-guatemala-and-honduras-outpaces-growth-from-elsewhere/

[3] https://www.migrationpolicy.org/article/central-american-immigrants-united-states-3

[4] https://www.theinvestigativefund.org/investigation/2010/06/22/killed-roque-dalton/

[5] http://www.cedema.org/ver.php?id=4447

[6] http://www.elsalvadortimes.com/articulo/politicos/cayetano-carpio-rechazo-cualquier-alianza-militares/20161012182808009584.html

[7] https://www.marxists.org/espanol/tematica/elsalvador/organizacioness.cs/1975/mar/28.htm

[8] https://www.elsalvador.com/opinion/editoriales/142319/el-fmln-la-verdad-y-la-leyenda/

[9] https://www.ecumenico.org/article/the-ideological-origins-of-the-farabundo-martin-li/

[10] https://www.marxists.org/archive/handal/biography.htm

[11] https://www.nytimes.com/1982/03/18/world/salvador-rebels-five-sided-alliance-searching-for-new-moderate-image-leaders.html

[12] Ibid.

[13] https://www.marxists.org/espanol/tematica/elsalvador/organizaciones/index.htm

[14] http://fuerzaspopularesdeliberacionfplfm1970.blogspot.com/2017/04/mensaje-revolucionario-de-1-de-abril.html

[15] http://www.elsalvadortimes.com/articulo/politicos/cayetano-carpio-rechazo-cualquier-alianza-militares/20161012182808009584.html

[16] http://fuerzaspopularesdeLiberaciónfplfm1970.blogspot.com/2017/04/mensaje-revolucionario-de-1-de-abril.html

[17] http://www.borgenmagazine.com/water-quality-in-el-salvador/

[18] https://rainforests.mongabay.com/20elsalvador.htm


From the barrios to the favelas: revindication through People’s Wars for Igor Mendes!

FeaturedFrom the barrios to the favelas: revindication through People’s Wars for Igor Mendes!

From the barrios to the favelas: revindication through People’s Wars for Igor Mendes!

“We reaffirm what we have said over the years: FIGHTING IS NOT A CRIME! Crime is the state of calamity offered to the people in the line of hospitals, crime is the lack of space in public nurseries, crime is the expensive and overcrowded buses, crime is what is practiced daily in the favelas (slums), bloody by the genocide of black and poor people. These are crimes! And these crimes, be sure, will not go unpunished forever.” – Declaration of the [Brazilian] Activists Condemned by the 2013-2014 Manifestations[1]

Two months ago 23 activists in Brazil, including Comrade Igor Mendes da Silva, were sentenced to five-to-13 years in prison for protesting against the devastatingly anti-people FIFA World Cup. The world soccer championship is like an Armageddon for the masses in the host country, especially in reactionary and fascistic countries in Latin America. The mass-scale countrywide urban redevelopment that followed the World Cup was an assault on the Brazilian masses, literally destroying entire peasant and proletarian neighborhoods and nearly pushing the Brazilian masses off the shores and into the sea.

Approximately one million people poured into the streets in protest to the World Cup[2]. While different political lines existed within the mass movement, all the masses united on one thing: that they will not go easily.

That revolutionary commitment and discipline is embodied in the student and young Communist leader Igor Mendes. He is not deterred sitting behind bars. His spirit, his Communist morale, is not dampened. Like all Communists, like all Maoists, he calls on his comrades to continue the struggle forward.


As Igor Mendes and his comrades defiantly state in their public declaration[3]: the fight for the 23 activists is a fight for everyone in Brazil – and as our Red Guards comrades add, it is an international fight against capitalism-imperialism:

“If they accuse us of this, we must accept with pride what our executioners say. Because that’s exactly what we did; that is, we fought. Everyone needs to understand that it is our entire generation that they seek to condemn and intimidate with this infamous sentence. But they will not accomplish that: we carry the stubbornness of those who insist on having faith in life, faith in the struggle, faith in the people. The stubbornness of the thousands who marched at Saens Peña Square on the day of the World Cup final just hours after dozens of activists were arrested and sent to Bangu’s Penitentiary Complex. We choose a side, and it is not the oppressors’ side. If they accuse us of all this, then we have to be thankful.”

Brazil prioritized the aesthetics of international capital and investment, the lure of a modern metropolitan Rio de Janeiro, Brazília, São Paulo and Fortaleza. Brazil wanted the world to see its near-opulent beauty, the shining new soccer stadiums, never mind that beneath those structures was the still-wet blood and broken bones of Brazilian proletarians who were killed during their construction.

This is the progress the vampiric comprador and vile bureaucratic bourgeoisie of Brazil promised. And they lived up to their promises!

So what else is there left to do when the corrupt and vicious Brazilian state reigns down on the people? The people, under revolutionary Communist leadership, fight back! They rebel, and as Maoists we all know it is right to rebel!


International support from the International Communist Movement continues to grow for Igor Mendes and the Brazilian revolutionary movement. The Brazilian masses, including friends, comrades and families of the 23 activists, have rallied in support of the political prisoners[4]. Protestors continue to face off with the militarized Brazilian police. Lessons are everywhere. This is yet but another reminder that all capitalist states are militarized – it would be foolish suicide for Communist Parties, as Chairman Gonzalo calls for, not to militarize.

Here in Boyle Heights we see the revolutionary masses taking matter into their own hands and encouraged and aided by revolutionary leadership to resist gentrification. Here, too, our class and our people are being pushed out of our homes. Evictions, police violence, deportations and ICE raids, all in the name of urban redevelopment.

Here, too, we see the new Banc of California Stadium which houses the Los Angeles Football Club, redeveloping its immediate surroundings, allowing public drinking to promote alcohol consumption and mass numbness, promising millions of dollars in investment to the poor and proletarian neighborhoods of South Central Los Angeles. But all we’ve seen is more County Department of Public Health raids on vendors, more LAPD, more California Highway Patrol, more California State Police and more ICE arrests and detentions.

Our Black proletarian brothers and sisters are being slain by law enforcement and our immigrant proletarian brothers and sisters are being kidnapped by ICE and deported.

The farce of bourgeois democracy, here and in Brazil!

So-called “socialist” office holders, like former guerrilla-turned-capitalist roader Dilma Rouseff, and contemporary corrupt comprador Michel Temer, are popular due to the so-called “21st Century Socialism” pink tide that has swept across the Americas and stubbornly, like a stain, lingers on – but it is a fading stain.

Candidates in Brazil make speeches and declarations about what the Brazilian masses want but are only serving bureaucrat capitalism. The ruling class fights to maintain its order within corrupt Brazil.


Igor Mendes shows us that on the road to Communism, there will be many bends and arrests, and of course martyrs. But behind Igor there are thousands and even millions of people becoming better fighters through class struggle. And alongside those people there are Communists training and preparing and building in clandestinity, reconstituting the Brazilian Vanguard, the Communist Party of Brazil (Red Fraction), guided by Marxism-Leninism-Maoism, principally Maoism, and the universal applications of Gonzalo Thought!

Long live the Brazilian masses!

Long live Igor Mendes da Silva and his 23 comrades!

Long live proletarian internationalism!

People’s War until Communism!

[1] https://medium.com/@supportthe23/declaration-of-the-activists-condemned-by-the-2013-2014-manifestations-230d49d61603

[2] https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-protests/one-million-march-across-brazil-in-biggest-protests-yet-idUSBRE95J15020130621

[3] Ibid.

[4] https://maoistroad.blogspot.com/2018/08/brasil-mepr-manifestacao-em-defensa-dos.html?m=1

Red Guards Austin solidarity statement: https://redguardsaustin.wordpress.com/2018/07/28/freedom-for-comrade-igor-mendes/

Red Guards Pittsburgh solidarity statement: https://redguardspittsburgh.wordpress.com/2018/08/02/free-igor-mendes-and-the-other-anti-fifa-23/

Red Guards Charlotte solidarity statement: https://redguardscharlotte.wordpress.com/2018/08/28/freedom-for-comrade-igor-mendes/

Red Guards Kansas City solidarity statement: https://kcmlm.wordpress.com/2018/08/03/freedom-for-comrade-igor-mendes-libertad-para-igor-mendes/





Bayan USA upholds boycott against Self-Help Graphics & Art

Bayan USA upholds boycott against Self-Help Graphics & Art

Yesterday, after sending the open letter to Bayan USA and posting it on our website, we soon received word directly from Bayan USA that they would honor the Defend Boyle Heights-initiated boycott against Self-Help Graphics & Art and pull out from the event. Bayan USA stated that they did not know about the boycott but once they were made aware of it they immediately rescinded the Centro CSO invitation to the “48th Chicano Moratorium Commemoration.”

We are appreciative of their commitment in respecting the wishes of the masses of Boyle Heights, in standing in solidarity with the militant anti-gentrificaion mass resistance, and seeing the contradiction in being anti-imperialist while aligning with gentrifiers who displace the proletariat and allied classes in Boyle Heights, in the oppressed Chicano Nation.

For a more detailed report, please read the news article on yesterday’s event published on Incendiary News.






Never cross a picket line: confronting chauvinism and revisionism

Never cross a picket line: confronting chauvinism and revisionism

Never cross a picket line: confronting chauvinism and revisionism

Recently we were made aware of some organizations crossing a community picket line drawn against all the new gentrifying art galleries, breweries and the arch-comprador bourgeois nonprofit Self-Help Graphics & Art (SHG) in Boyle Heights. While many people and organizations out of ignorance have not honored the boycott since it was initiated by Defend Boyle Heights (DBH) in 2016, local or formerly-associated organizations cannot hide behind the same ignorance.

All individuals and organizations, regardless of their political stripe, which break a community-led picket line materially side with capitalism and the poverty pimps of the comprador bourgeois nonprofits who dupe the masses.

All individuals and organizations who are not genuinely informed about the fight against gentrification in Boyle Heights – although the movement’s echoes have reached the ears of comrades overseas – must quickly be brought up to speed on the matter: honor the boycott called by DBH!

All individuals and organizations, while knowing exactly what they do, stand against the precarious proletariat and the allied classes and sectors of Boyle Heights. They choose to stand with all these anti-proletarian institutions.

We find it particularly worrisome that self-proclaimed Marxists and anti-imperialist organizations would be included in the list of scabs. But such is the dark marsh where revisionism and national chauvinism leads you.

Presently, these groups are the Filipino solidarity countrywide organization Bayan USA, the reformist Boyle Heights-based community service organization Centro CSO and the local chapter of the Freedom Road Socialist Organization – Fight Back, all who will be present at the “48th Annual Chicano Moratorium Commemoration” at SHG. Centro CSO is the lead organization putting on the commemoration, soiling the militant principals of the original anti-imperialist Chicano Moratorium and the moratorium’s three Chicano martyrs, Ruben Salazar, Lyn Ward and Angel Gilberto Diaz.

The revisionist Avakianite Revolutionary “Communist” Party USA is also guilty of betraying the masses of Boyle Heights. Their Party-generated coalition, Refuse Fascism, disregarded the boycott against SHG and held their Los Angeles chapter public meeting there in January of this year. Several (several!) supporters of RGLA informed us that they were in communication with Refuse Fascism – Los Angeles and advised them to honor the boycott. But it all fell on deaf, Avakianite ears.

They, too, would benefit by reading our open letter. They, too, should keep their poisonous revisionism out of Boyle Heights. We are already up to our ears in it.

But revisionism is a poison whose only antidote is the fury of the revinidicating militarized masses initiated by Communists. Revisionism does not yield to pleas or open letters; it only moves when we move it; it only falls when we push it; it only dies when we kill it.

Internationalists must align with the oppressed masses of Boyle Heights

Internationalism is a core tenant of Maoism – having always existed deep inside Marxism and Marxism-Leninism. It is our very slogan, taken from the pages of the Communist Manifesto – “Workers of the world, unite!” Not only workers of the Philippines. Not only workers of the Chicano Nation. Not only workers of the Black Nation. All Communists fight, not exclusively for their nation, but for the world’s proletariat. No one nation can have Communism until all nations have Communism, and that nations cease to exist.

The Communist Party of Peru (PCP in Spanish) was exemplary in its internationalism, by standing shoulder-to-shoulder with the international proletariat in attacking the embassies of the capitalist-imperialist U.S., reactionary capitalist-ascending India, the social-imperialist Soviet Union and their lapdog Cuba in Peru. Additionally, the PCP regularly directed their public messages to the masses of the U.S., of Spain, of the world. This is true proletarian internationalism. But unfortunately these lessons are lost on many organizations and even Parties within the International Communist Movement.

As made public through Centro CSO’s social media, Bayan USA was invited by Centro CSO to tonight’s commemoration of the Chicano Moratorium held at SHG. This was recently made public only a few days prior to the event, but boasted by Centro CSO. Instead of aligning with the masses and revolutionary organizations in Boyle Heights, most notably DBH, Bayan USA ventures into national chauvinism. Seemingly, they would rather use the opportunity at tonight’s commemoration to propagate their message of Filipino solidarity at the expense of honoring the boycott against SHG and aligning with the masses of Boyle Heights.

What does the boycott mean? Why is it important? Did Bayan USA know about it before hand?

Let us start with an answer to the last question if Bayan USA knew about the boycott. We received word that Bayan USA was contacted immediately and asked that very question. In addition they were requested not to cross the picket line like scabs, pull out from the event and issue a public self-criticism so that other organizations and individuals, but principally the former, would not commit the same egregious mistakes. As of yet, they have not responded. We also received word that a member of a Canadian chapter of Anakbayan, the youth-and-student wing of the Filipino National Democratic solidarity movement, also knew about Bayan USA disregarding the boycott as well.

Nonetheless we are hopeful that Bayan USA will issue a public statement and fully unite with the boycott called by DBH and the masses of Boyle Heights, in particular the Chicano, indigenous and Black masses whose nations are occupied by the settler-colonialist U.S.

However, it is troubling to believe Bayan USA knew about the boycott against SHG prior to agreeing to be present at tonight’s event. In the past, RGLA has either worked closely or has been fraternal with Bayan USA as well as different local chapters of Anakbayan. We have co-hosted events together. We have broken bread together. We have discussed politics together. And, yes, over the years our relationship(s) have deteriorated. But through close acquaintances plugged into the Filipino National Democratic solidarity movement as well as different social struggles in Los Angeles, as well as the near-viral presence of DBH on social media, it is highly improbable that Bayan USA did not know about the boycott against SHG. Nonetheless, we are hopeful the organization will respond.

As for why this is important? Gentrification, as an acute and hyper-localized manifestation of capitalism, is driving out scores of the proletariat and the oppressed masses from our communities, such as Boyle Heights. Militant organizations have formed over the recent years, some guided or inspired by revolutionaries, to fight back against the bourgeois’ attacks on the proletariat. In the Chicano Nation, the Southwest, the masses and their organizations are predominately immigrant, Black, Chicano (native) and indigenous.

Particularly in Boyle Heights the resistance to gentrification has an anti-capitalist mass character with countrywide and international support. All revolutionary Marxist and anti-imperialist organizations in the country should stand shoulder-to-shoulder in solidarity with the militant resistance of the masses of Boyle Heights.

The boycott is well-publicized. The boycott is a basic point of unity that all revolutionary organizations, especially in Los Angeles, should observe. What is an organization without active solidarity? It is concerning that Bayan USA would agree to appear at an event honoring the Chicano Moratorium in solidarity with the Chicano Nation while they step foot into a disgraceful institution plagued by real estate agent/lawyers on the board of directors (Alfred Fraijo, Jr.) who actively with big landlords like Vera Campbell are co-parceling sections of Boyle Heights to the highest bidder.

SHG is a comprador-bourgeois institution directly benefiting off of the misery and oppression of the proletariat. And SHG dares to talk, with fork tongue, of social justice and “decolonization.” They uphold capitalism. They act as ideological as well as material instrument of capitalism. They posture as part of an anti-capitalist, indigenous-based movement. But they more accurately represent brown or native capitalism.

As anti-imperialist mass organizations in solidarity with the Filipino National Democratic Revolutionary movement, Bayan USA must stand in solidarity with the masses of Boyle Heights and the Chicano Nation.

We encourage Bayan USA to reflect on their erroneous and egregious crossing of DBH’s picket line, a boycott supported by the masses of Boyle Heights, against SHG. We encourage Bayan USA to write a public statement of support of the boycott against SHG and other gentrifiers, as well as a public self-criticism explaining what led them to cross the picket line tonight.

FRSO-FB and Centro CSO: traitors to the masses of Boyle Heights

We now turn our attention to FRSO-FB. They have had a close fraternal history with the Filipino National Democratic Revolutionary movement for a long time. They, too, are careless with their supposed anti-imperialist solidarity manifestations. They posture as being revolutionary but would, with a clear conscious, cross the picket line to appear at Centro CSO’s Chicano Moratorium commemoration. But FRSO-FB is far more vicious because they organize in Boyle Heights and are direct supporters of Centro CSO. There is no room for doubt that FRSO-FB, like Centro CSO, crossed the picket line knowingly. They merit a merciless response.

FRSO-FB traces their lineage to the New Communist Movement, and specifically the anti-revisionist Chicano organizations like the August 29th Movement and the League of Revolutionary Struggle (Marxist-Leninist). They, in theory, should know better than to betray the very Chicano Nation they are supposed to be in full support of. They, in theory, should have observed the boycott as a supposed pro-immigrant organization. But how can you say you’re pro-immigrant when the vast majority of the masses in Boyle Heights are proletarian immigrant renters who face almost-daily displacement? How can you do that while you cross the threshold into the gentrification-obscuring arts nonprofit machine of SHG?

The answer is simple: treacherous revisionism and ignorance or national chauvinism are the reasons these organizations would disregard the local revolutionary struggle.

Imagine if the Red Guards Movement were to hold a conference at a building in the Philippines whose workers were on strike or on Lumad land where local indigenous organizations have prohibited entry. Even if we were unaware, we would be deserving of serious criticism.

But revisionism is red capitalism. It is Marxist only in name. At its core it perhaps is even more dangerous than raw and exposed capitalism because it sells the masses, and some revolutionaries, promises of socialism subtracting the inconveniences of revolutionary Marxism.

To the “left” organizations: your capitalist poison is not welcomed in Boyle Heights                

Stay out.

If you cannot conduct yourselves as careful visiting guests, cautious not to cross community picket lines, or if you antagonize our revolutionary organizations and initiatives, you are best advised to stay out of Boyle Heights. No one wants your brand of “leftist” capitalism. The masses do not clamor for the modified capitalism-sold-as-“socialism” peddled by the Democratic Socialists of America, or the New Synthesis of the RCPUSA, or the standard revisionism of FRSO-FB, or any rat-political poison from any of the hundreds of irrelevant “left” organizations.

Revisionism has to be combated. At the current juncture of the Party building movement we see two types of revisionists: 1. the lower level – those who are novice Marxists finding themselves in a confused state of grasping onto whatever group claiming the ideology of Marxism, and 2. the firm and belligerent leadership of revisionist formations. The former must be struggled against and they must be won over to Maoism. The latter must be attacked by any means necessary in accordance with the specific circumstances and conditions. If the objective conditions do not give mass support on attacks on revisionists, then the subjective conditions must be built for this end. Without mass support and participation anti-revisionism is incomplete. In the future when the People’s War is launched by the Maoist Communist Party the remaining consolidated and staunch revisionists must be seen a s firmly in the camp of reaction. What does an enemy deserve in warfare? With an escalation of class struggle so too will measures be taken to preserve revolutionary forces and annihilate the enemies forces.

For those in attendance tonight who may not be aware of the boycott, stop patronizing SHG. Reach out to DBH or any of its member-organizations for clarification or ways you can support or get directly involved in the militant fight against gentrification.

And to the “left” organizations: you are not welcomed in Boyle Heights. As our comrades in DBH say to the gentrifiers and sellouts, get the fuck out!

Long live Defend Boyle Heights!

Long live the militant masses of Boyle Heights! 

Long live the Red Guards!

Beat Back a Foolish Enemy, Support KC!

Beat Back a Foolish Enemy, Support KC!

“To be attacked by the enemy is not a bad thing but a good thing.”


Comrades in Kansas City are organizing against Trump coming to their city and spreading fascism, attracting the most backward jingoistic elements to his rallies. We send our unwavering support for comrades in Kansas City. Kansas City Pig Department(KCPD) and University of Missouri-Kansas City (UMKC) are trying to repress student activistism. Within their desperation to extinguish the rage against Trump, local law enforcement are charging innocent youth with a felony. In another instance, KCPD surveiled another student activist via a unmarked car and in plain clothes. The student activist confronted the pigs who then attempted to intimidate them into snitching on other activists. Again, demonstrating their desperation to repress activists, and protect the fascist talking piece planning to come to KC. These comrades need our support along with monetary support, given the political repression that they’re facing. The enemy has fucked up, in persecuting these activists it has only harden their commitment to the people! We say to these young activists, and as Comrade Mao reaffirmed to the young Red Guards, “it is right to rebel against reactionaries.”

Dare to Struggle, Dare to Win Progressive Youth Organization-KC !

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Drug and alcohol domination continues colonization and poisons the proletariat

FeaturedDrug and alcohol domination continues colonization and poisons the proletariat

Class struggle is everywhere. Throughout history drugs have played an important role in capitalist illegal drug economies, in quelling revolutionary movements and in numbing the masses of the sharpness of capitalist contradictions.

Drugs and alcohol are, by their use and application in capitalist society, to the objective benefit of capitalism-imperialism, but even going as far back as British and Spanish colonialism. They serve the bourgeoisie in their fight against the conscious proletariat and proletarian revolution.

But drugs and alcohol alone are only one part of the problem. The implementers, the pushers, the dealers, are the ones who produce and circulate the poison. One cannot exist without the other. The harmfulness of drugs and alcohol are accelerated by their respective economies.

Drug dealers are merchants of death

Drug dealers, whether conscious of it or not, continue national oppression against the oppressed nations. They also play an accelerant role during the regular crises of capitalism[1] when scores of the masses turn to the numbness of distracting drugs and alcohol. The unemployed proletariat or the precarious position of the semi-proletariat, losing their home, their family, their well-being – without a revolutionary guiding organization with a correct line on sobriety and drugs and alcohol – will succumb to so-called “self-medication,” but what in reality is better described as drug and alcohol domination.

Another dimension to drug and alcohol domination is the psychological trauma and mental and emotional re-adaptation of the user from early childhood who must, seldom without revolutionary (let alone professional) guidance. Capitalist society breeds bourgeois nihilism and reactionary self-hatred. It breeds bourgeois-individualism. It breeds reactionary violence and self-destruction. Bourgeois ideology is constant violence against the masses.

Drug domination is not mostly a problem of individuals who made bad choices. It is not merely a choice, as the bourgeois lies are constantly repeated.  Drug domination is a combined external and internal attack. Externally, it is a highly-systematized web of oppression akin to population control that takes on almost a life of its own during economic crises and interpersonal problems among the masses, reproducing itself like a vicious cycle. Drug domination even has the power to remove the proletariat from their class, trapping them into the grim and bleak world of the lumpenproletariat, a de-classefication.

If drugs are the flames eating at the proletariat and the revolutionary movement, then economic crises is the gasoline accelerating the fire.

It is commonly acknowledged that historically capitalist states have played a fundamental role in introducing drugs into society, such as the U.S. Government under fascistic anticommunist President Reagan with crack cocaine in the 1980s. The CIA financed and defended two rightwing Contra supporters/members of Fuerza Democratica Nicaraguense during the Nicaraguan Contra Wars, Oscar Danilo Blandon and Norwin Meneses, as they sold “tons of cocaine[2]” to Ricky Donnell Ross, better known as “Freeway Rick Ross.” Reporter Gary Webb of the San Jose Mercury News wrote a series and eventually published a book called “Dark Alliance” which documents this. Although some of the allegations are contested – not surprisingly by the U.S. Government and the CIA (it would be far more surprising for the bourgeois government to accept it as the damning truth it is)[3]. The money made from the selling of cocaine, to then be turned into crack cocaine by drug dealers, was funneled back to the rightwing guerrillas during the Contra Wars. Whether intentional or not, the objective reality became an organized, violent and bourgeois government-sponsored war against the masses of the country as Los Angeles as its epicenter and with a hyper-focus on Black proletarian/semi-proletarian neighborhoods. To this day, many Black and Chicano communities are left ravaged by crack cocaine domination while the only justice being that the corpse of fascist Reagan has been slowly devoured by the graveyard’s worms and beetles.

A narcotic with near-apocalyptic ramifications on the country’s masses is heroin. Arguably heroin’s mass consumption either began or was made known to the public in 1971 during the last few years of the Vietnam War. Soldiers were so addicted that they were forced to take a drug test before boarding a plane back to the U.S. “Approximately 15 percent of active soldiers were heroin addicts,” according to U.S. representatives in that same year[4].

Heroin remains one of the most popularly destructive narcotics in the Chicano Nation[5]. It is one, if not the most, popular narcotic that ruins families and destroys lives. Studies have even followed and documented the hereditary nature of alcohol, narcotics and drug domination, including heroin addiction – which families pass it down from one generation to the next[6]. Heroin is a bullet that never stops but shoots through father, mother, son, daughter, grandchildren, until all are in the streets, behind bars or in the grave.

But it is not simply only a moral issue – but of course that can’t be ignored. It is a method of domination of the masses like population control, of capitalist domination.

Drug and alcohol domination doesn’t just affect the masses. It also infects and poisons, and even neutralizes, revolutionary movements.

We are made stupid, spiritually crushed, and deadened by drug and alcohol domination. As we experience the political demoralization that occasionally creeps its way in, we are at risk at becoming destroyed by it. The masses absolutely already know this. Even the drug addicts and alcoholics know this. Revolutionary Communists, Maoists, must catch up en mass with the correct ideas of the masses on this question. You will seldom find any member of the basic masses arguing that drug and alcohol domination isn’t an antagonistic issue. The cemeteries have been collecting the bodies of the masses for generations. To them, there is no room for the postmodernist “left” who argues for hedonism as a revolutionary autonomous, anticapitalist alternative. To them, it is of great offense to talk about drugs and alcohol as liberatory devices – even if their families occasionally drink or smoke marijuana. Younger member of the masses with petite-bourgeois dispositions may occasionally defend drug and alcohol usage and even its abuse but their reality paints a grim picture in unison with our analysis.

The roles and three types of drug dealers

Everything under capitalism is stratified. There are hierarchies in everything. For drug dealers, they can be divided into three categories: big, medium and small. It is important to differentiate between the three different levels of drug dealers since all three categories have very different types of people and must have their own distinct methods of dealing with those contradictions:

  1. Big drug dealersBig drug dealers are enemies of the people who prey on the proletariat – this is how their industries and economies are reproduced (not like the proletariat’s relationship to the bourgeoisie’s means of production); these are the heads/leaders of local big gangs and big cartels; they are antagonistic to the proletariat and the people.In the present, where possible, the masses should be organized and armed to defend their communities and families against the big drug dealers – in the near future carrying out selective annihilation, people’s tribunals, etc. But this must be an undertaking part of a larger mass movement. Because the revolutionary forces are small and we are outnumbered, this is not going to be something we will do at the present.
  2. Medium drug dealersMedium drug dealers are smaller leaders of small-to-middle gangs and cartels; they are not beginners or recent members so it’s wrong to think they are less-guilty or less-dangerous. Most aspire to rise up in the ranks and make it to big dealer status. These are capitalist dreams. They see the drug economy as the capitalist enterprise that it essentially is. These dealers, however, are easier to encircle and mobilize against. The masses must be organized to expel them out of neighborhoods, to also take part in selective annihilation, people’s tribunals and armed propaganda when our forces are more advanced and the objective conditions correspond accordingly.
  3. Small drug dealersSmall drug dealers are addicts and new recruits in all the above formations, but mostly in small-to-middle drug cartels and gangs. They are mostly redeemable. They can be won over, away from gangs and drug dealings. They are either fully lumpenproletariat, with an incredibly small minority being semi-proletariat – functioning addicts. They have no other recourse. No jobs, no families, no future – supposedly. But they have a good grasp that they are oppressed, even exploited to some degree. They know that probation or parole is a self-fulfilling sentence, constantly being violated at the whim of reactionary pig parole or probation officers, going in and out of jails and prisons. They want escape but they also want recognition, even revindication, validation – that is absent in their families, schools and jobs. They need to be respected and paid attention to and loved. They also need to feel strong and powerful. All of this can be done with their reintroduction into the proletariat and class struggle, guided by Communist cadre and mass-line organizations. Whether or not the focus of the mass initiative is specifically anti-drug domination or if it is part of the larger mass initiative is not immediately clear, but it should be under the guidance and organizational body of the proto-People’s Army.

The struggle against drug and alcohol domination needs the active participation of the advanced section of the intermediary, and as many of the outright advanced, both to win over the more friendly and progressive elements of the backwards – the small drug dealers.

Colonization and capitalist domination fueled by alcohol

Alcohol domination, or alcoholism, began with the conquest by the colonizers of the indigenous nations and groups, especially of North America. An example of its deadly and genocidal effects can be seen as early as the 18th century. But it lasts to the present with natives suffering from alcoholism-related death six times more than any other population in the U.S. from 1992-1994[7].

The circulation of alcohol was an economic enterprise early on by European settlers, which of course eventually expanded into profitable, popular and global industries. Alcohol was a perfect weapon for the domination and subjugation of the rebellious natives who were fighting for their land and very existence. But the natives, before, during and after conquest, were also the colonizer’s clientele. In North America, researches highlight the extreme newness of alcohol to indigenous communities which caused the adverse effects. Europeans and others have had hundreds of years in perfecting and using alcohol, even though there surely was reckless drunkenness and alcoholism, but natives had no social practice or learned behavior – there were no “social controls” with its usage; Natives would often drink without moderation, consuming all alcohol available to them in the present moment; Native, like the colonizers, would often blame the alcohol – in some cases known as “Demon Rum” – and not hold each other accountable; there was learned behavior that alcohol would treat illnesses, in many cases substituting regular drinking water; In short, alcohol as colonization and capitalist domination was both intentional and unintentional.[8] There was no alcohol-alcoholism separation since early on. Alcohol meant domination and abuse. That is why we argue so strongly that Communists, especially Maoists, must be sober – alcohol is a volatile reactionary weapon, nearly if not entirely impossible to control.

On and off the reservation, in and out of the native-populated (North American or from Latin America) barrios and ghettos, Chicano, indigenous and New Afrikans are in a fight for their lives against alcoholism. There is no room for alcoholism, and possibly alcohol, under the transitional period from capitalism to communism. Certainly, there is no room for alcoholism in the ranks of the pre-Party cadre formations and the coming Maoist Communist Party, our People’s Army and new proletarian state.

Oppose alcoholism, love the masses, fight for their lives and the lives of our comrades!

On prostitution, briefly

Drug and alcohol domination and prostitution is heavily interconnected. Like the stratification and hierarchy of drug dealers, we say the prostitution economy shares some similarities but is also different. There are no meaningful big or middle prostitutes, as even the renegades – the ones without pimps – are in a horribly precarious position often ending with beatings, rape and even death. It is highly probable that prostitutes in general can be reintroduced into the proletariat and the class struggle, but we will most likely be more successful with small prostitutes. But of course, like drug dealers, it is immediately unclear if this should be its own campaign or an aspect of another mass project. Prostitution is always a last resort for proletarian and semi-proletarian women, especially fueled or accelerated by drug and alcohol domination. It is a shameful and bourgeois myth that prostitutes are empowered “sex workers” regaining autonomy over their bodies as a method of anti-capitalist resistance. It is false consciousness at its most ugly and misogynist, even if the ideology is owned and reproduced by proletarian women. It mostly exists in imperialist countries where postmodernism, especially Michel Foucault’s petite-bourgeois sex positivism bio-politics that justifies this capitulation to backwards self-serving/destructive ideology at the expense of the class struggle. Prostitution stifles the revolutionary fury of proletarian women. It is an attempt at turning oppression into a weapon of the proletariat. But it is more akin to a dagger with no handle, cutting both the proletariat wielding it and the proletariat being stabbed by it.

We should unleash the fury of proletarian women upon pimps, upon drug dealers and other enemies of the people – but squarely from the ranks of the proletariat and its vanguard, and not from petite-bourgeois or lumpenproletariat positions.

Prostitution is a type of an economic exchange (and not “work”) involving a client, the john, the prostitute and the pimp (when applicable). The john is often of proletarian background and so the addiction/domination doesn’t simply exist within the prostitute herself/themselves. Drug and alcohol domination is almost totalizing here. Everyone suffers, but the prostitute is at the bottom of course. The higher-end johns of course exist and come from petite-bourgeois backgrounds, but typically their prostitutes are escorts and we think that necessitates a slightly different analysis because escorts are a more legitimized industry with a more solidified and formalized relationship where the pimp is a company with supervisors and the prostitutes are petite-bourgeois small independent contractors. It’d be wrong to say there is no aspect of a worker-owner relationship here but it is much like the stripper-club-owner relationship; they are still given economic autonomy (under the guise of political power) with scheduling, the right to refuse clients/services/price setting to a certain degree.

Sobriety is not the answer but a necessary tool toward Protracted People’s War

Sobriety must be a first step for the cadre as part of building the Maoist Communist Party in the U.S. prison house of nations. We must be the revolutionary examples to the masses, especially to the colonized masses. Through our actions and prestige, we must proclaim, “We are not like the others. We are different. For us, as it is for you, revolution is serious. We are not playing games, posturing as heroes. We are becoming soldiers who must always be on alert, on call. There is no room for foolishness or self-harming drunkenness and drug domination. We rise up against the capitalist and colonizer’s poison but we won’t leave you behind. You are coming with us and together we will make revolution, to eradicate drug and alcohol domination from the earth!”

But sobriety is only one step, albeit a big one for some, a smaller one for others. There must be absolutely no arrogant sobriety; no attacks on the struggling masses must be allowed. We must weaponize it but in a revolutionary and not reactionary way. Individualist boastfulness is petite-bourgeois. Pre-Party, and future Party, cadre and mass organization members found to be rude or condescending to the struggling masses should be severely punished and made an example of to the masses. Sobriety is only a tool. It is not the end-result. Capitalism will not allow a dual socialist society before the Strategic Equilibrium of PPW. Sobriety must mainly and only be seen as an indispensable armament for a soldier’s arsenal.

Maoists must do everything in their power to ensure that our comrades are as healthy as they can be and that they maintain revolutionary sobriety. This can only be done through revolutionary rehabilitation programs guided by Party initiatives, as opposed to the bourgeois rehabilitation industry. While there is some good in bourgeois rehab centers (getting addicts sober is obviously good and many people’s lives can be saved and have been saved because of rehab, including revolutionaries), they ultimate serve capitalism – even if there are one or two progressive or radical doctors or staff. The program’s entirety, if it isn’t guided by communist politics, succumbs to the ideological-reproducing machine of the bourgeoisie.

Substituting self-destructive practices that addicts retreat to and reproduce often in isolation with healthy, communist-led militarized initiatives in collective settings will aid and sustain revolutionary sobriety. Regularly checking in with comrades on the road to sobriety, intensely studying revolutionary warfare and applying Marxism-Leninism-Maoism, principally Maoism, to all aspects of one’s life will replenish good morale in the comrade. The road to revolutionary recovery, if it is to be effective, must take place within the class struggle. And that road can only lead to Protracted People’s War as the peak arena of transformation. It is in revolutionary warfare that the people and communists are truly tested.

This general approach is not exclusive to communists, but it will be the communists who initially carry it out. But the masses also deserve revolutionary sobriety. Once communists perfect revolutionary rehabilitation programs they should implement them for the masses. The masses, then, must take these revolutionary sobriety programs over and reproduce them but orientating toward the masses.

There are two contradictory worlds we are living in, the old and the new; but the old one is primary and the new one is secondary for the time being. Prostitution and drug and alcohol domination are two systems relegated to the old bourgeois world which we have to annihilate, two industries whose ideology must be attacked – but guided by Communist leadership and reintroduction of the progressive, allied groups into the proletariat and class struggle. Class struggle – and especially Protracted People’s War – transforms people into revolutionary soldiers. Class struggle is the fire that cleanses the earth from the poisonous rot of the bourgeoisie. Cast away old ideas, break the chains of capitalist exploitation and accumulate forces for PPW! Militarize the masses and the pre-Party collectives! Apply Marxism-Leninism-Maoism, principally Maoism, to the conditions in the U.S! The only method of defeating drug and alcohol domination is through revolutionary violence and unleashing the violent and redeeming torrents of the masses. Who are we to hold in their rage? Who are we to deny their revindication? Who are we to get in the way of their emancipation? We are but humble servants of the masses, revolutionary soldiers in the ranks of the becoming Party, People’s Army and the new proletarian state!

fire liquor.jpg

[1] http://time.com/money/4244536/drug-abuse-economy-relationship/

[2] https://oig.justice.gov/special/9712/ch01p1.htm

[3] https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/drugs/special/cia.html

[4] https://www.cnn.com/2015/12/21/health/vietnam-heroin-disrupting-addiction/index.html

[5] https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/129171NCJRS.pdf

[6] https://www.addictionsandrecovery.org/is-addiction-a-disease.htm

[7] https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1446168/pdf/10705850.pdf

[8] https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1446168/pdf/10705850.pdf

PDF is available here for download.

Defeat U.S. imperialism for the proletariat and all oppressed nations: clarification and reaffirmation on the Chicano national question

FeaturedDefeat U.S. imperialism for the proletariat and all oppressed nations: clarification and reaffirmation on the Chicano national question

Recently we were made aware of an online French left-leaning blogger who wrote a criticism of our updated line on the Chicano Nation. In that blog – Servir le Peuple – the author made an impressive amount of ignorant interpretations, stated outright falsehoods and asserted an overall typical and standard cowardly line on indigenous national liberation for the internal colonies of the U.S.

We know this person is only an individual blogger with little influence so therefore holds a low priority for engaging in criticism. However, an opportunity has presented itself and we would like to use it to clarify and reaffirm several points within our updated Chicano Nation position paper.

Colony and internal colony: two distinct treatments

Our edgy blogger, which we are told is the French version of our very own Christopher Winston and his lonely island of phony Maoism (which actually is an eclectic mixture of Third-Worldism, identity politics and nationalism dotted with Marxist slogans making a coherent, yet cataclysmic, line), attempts to show the incorrectness of our updated line on the Chicano Nation by comparing our “faulty” position to that of Vietnam and their heroic anti-imperialist national liberation war. In this comparison, they go on to show the complete ridiculousness of opposing the Vietnamese national liberation war in favor of a “revolution in the whole empire” (where this quote originates from is not explained by our edgy and mysterious blogger) and abandoning the other French colonies in Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean.

They are either dishonest or ignorant as they attempt to apply the logic in our position paper. Never mind that we don’t say that, that we don’t oppose national liberation anywhere on the earth, including the U.S., but rather uphold the right to self-determination which includes the right to secede from the parasitic oppressor nation; we unite with Red Guards Austin’s “Sunbelt Thesis” which argues for a countrywide, multinational Maoist Communist Party initiating in the Sunbelt region. We add that while this is done, there will be special attention to the Chicano, Black and indigenous nations that make up the region – those actual nations. In theorizing possible outcomes, the two theses in our paper, we do not rob the Chicano Nation of its right to develop and steer its own course toward national liberation, even including secession – we only warn against its dangerous vulnerable position within U.S. imperialism. We, additionally, theorize a political-military method to guarantee victory – for the proletariat and all internal colonies in the U.S.: Protracted People’s War.

The continental U.S. has internal colonies, which are oppressed nations, inside its belly; we cannot imagine a completely independent oppressed nation nearly surrounded by U.S. imperialism, even more so aggravated like a fallen wasp nest, not constantly attacking and threatening the very existence of the independent nation. So we say, why not coordinate all internal national liberation wars under a highly centralized, hierarchical political-military proletarian machinery? We must surround the enemy, and not the other way around!

Our French blogger also says it’s not wrong to focus solely on Chicano national liberation first over other oppressed nations, indigenous and Black – a self-criticism and subsequent change we made in the updated Chicano Nation paper. The blogger correctly says that history has shown through the Vietnamese national liberation war that other oppressed nations, including the French colonies like Algeria, will subsequently rise up. When the torrent of national liberation opens up, it is impossible to dam it back up. Much like socialist revolution. This is a universal truth.

But the comparison between the French colonies and the internal colonies of the U.S. isn’t the same. It is similar but not the same. The internal continental, geographical aspect will factor in significantly how the revolutionary war will develop. Methods for offshore colonies and internal colonies deserve two distinct approaches because geography – or national territory – plays a decisive role in the survivability of the nation. Still, we assert, victory for the oppressed nations is more guaranteed through a coordinated and highly-centralized political-military organization, the militarized Maoist Communist Party.

But this point also is perhaps the most fascinating part of our author’s blog because it actually serves to reinforce our position, even though that was not their obvious intention.

Yes, Vietnam continued fanning the flames of national liberation wars across the world. National liberation wars were being waged worldwide from the 1950s to the 1980s. In fact, we are still seeing national liberation movements being waged around the world, but infused with communist leadership. Many were successful in their violent severing of their ties to colonialism and imperialism. But U.S. imperialism was still left intact, only missing a few inches from some of its tentacles. We need more mortal blows to the multi-tentacle beast of U.S. imperialism! And where better to start and end it all than inside the belly of the beast itself, to tear it up from the inside, gutting it by the revindicating colonized.

It is evident that our blogger has exposed their erroneous premise that a colony is the same thing as an internal colony and should therefore be resolved in the same manner, everywhere, anywhere, forgetting about distinct objective concrete national conditions, especially geographical (territorial) conditions – a vital aspect to the Marxist criteria of nationhood.

But as Marxists, we must be against dogmatism, of lazily treating all things as the same. That is mechanical and anti-Marxist.

As we have illustrated, a colony like formerly Vietnam to French imperialism is different than an internal colony like Palestine to Israeli settler-colonialism. An internal colony is a type, or form, of a colony. The French colonies were trading and military posts for the French colonial, and then imperialist, empire. These colonies – Most overseas (Africa, Southern Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean, etc.) – were not, however internal colonies. Not even Northern African Algeria. Internal colonies hold a distinct characteristic: they are settler colonies where an indigenous population has been displaced, and often genocided, by the settler population as part of long-term occupation. We’ve precisely seen this with the conquest of Turtle Island – of the U.S. – by British, French and Dutch settler-colonialism.

However, there are universal truths present in all colonies, which of course include internal colonies. Many are oppressed nations, but not all – such as the original thirteen colonies of the European settlers in New England, although they would later go on to form the White Nation with further expansion, genocide and conquest. All colonies have restrained and oppressed economies due precisely to the fact that a parasitic mother country, or empire, maintains a direct steady stream of exported capital back home from the colony. And all social classes of colonies that are oppressed nations are oppressed, even the bourgeoisie.

Nonetheless, an internal colony requires a specific and distinct analysis. In the U.S. we maintain that the internal colonies, which are also oppressed nations as laid out in our Chicano Nation position paper, include: the Black Nation, the continental indigenous nations and the Chicano Nation. Outside of the continental U.S., other colonies include Puerto Rico, Guam, Virgin Islands, Hawaii, Mariana Islands and American Samoa.

We assert this while knowing there is much more work needed to be done in fully theorizing precisely which indigenous groups constitute nations and which do not – some nations have historically been destroyed by the violent horrors of settler-colonialism. We also assert that in our above-naming of the indigenous nations, on or off the continental U.S., not all indigenous groups are nations. This is not indigenous erasure; it is a sober acknowledgement of the permanent effects of colonization. This will perhaps be the most controversial point, but one that needs to be grappled with by all genuine Maoists authentically interested in indigenous national liberation. We must seriously tackle the national question and cease parroting slogans without arriving at conclusions using revolutionary Marxism.

Maoists are brave and daring, not cowardly and unquestioning

At the first moment of taking on the historic and heavy title of Maoist, of announcing an ideological commitment to PPW anywhere on the earth, on mastering revolutionary violence as the proletariat’s heart beat, you must find yourself brave and daring for you have surrendered your life in revolutionary service to the people and the Party. There is no room for refusing to struggle due to fear – of anything! Communists, Maoists, are not cowards. We also question everything. The national question is no different, even though some supposed Maoists don’t dare theorize on indigenous nations out of fear of being labeled as chauvinistic, racist or insensitive.

North American Maoists in particular have a lot of work to do – ourselves notwithstanding – in more fully theorizing the national question in their respective countries on the continent. But Red Guards – Los Angeles at the very least has taken a small step in the direction of saying not all indigenous groups are automatically nations in the Marxist sense. But nonetheless all indigenous groups deserve revindication and a place in the destruction of U.S. imperialism. This isn’t a revelation. But absent in the canon of the U.S. and Canadian Maoist movements is a coherent and detailed theorization and handling of the native/indigenous/First Nations through a Marxist analysis. Why is that? Are we afraid of the very act of venturing into an area highly controversial and sensitive? Never mind that those carrying out the investigations are themselves, ourselves, indigenous.

But don’t dare say a word of that to our French blogger, who asserts: “This is, above all, nothing but [a basic] attempt to drive the US Maoist movement, whose internal [colonies’] CENTRALITY is obvious, under White leadership by using these fallacious arguments.”

So the non-white Maoist investigators of the national question are driving the U.S. Maoist movement into the arms of white leadership? How exactly? Why is it automatically assumed the countrywide multinational Maoist Communist Party will be white-led? Can it not be fathomed, stretching the brinks of our imagination, that the U.S. Maoist movement may in fact retain oppressed nationality leadership? Or could it be that in these criticisms there comes to surface a strange and subtle white supremacist notion that we are mostly victims and not revolutionary agents?

Even still, identity and all backgrounds are subordinate to mastery of a political line and mastery of two-line struggle. Leadership emerges through class struggle and revolutionary war. White or not, great leaders will emerge and we would be unforgivable to turn them away for a lack of melanin. Nonetheless, the country’s Maoist theoreticians are made up of white and non-white revolutionaries.

This earth-shattering revelation destroys the little worlds of the Third-Worldist escapists, the anticommunist pork chop nationalists and edgy French bloggers.

Recently a good and useful article titled “Interrogating Social Media” appeared on the new website struggle-sessions.com. In it, the author spells out this parroting syndrome popular in the left:

Inversely there is the example of the often repeated mantra in the revisionist left “RG (A, LA, KC, C, PGH) are all white” no matter how many times reality contradicts this claim it is repeated and repeated. The people who already detest the political lines of these organizations and this movement come to re-center their gripes along the lines of identity and away from any coherent political critique. They repeat the essence of “antifa is the real fascists” but insisting that these multinational organizations with a high percentage of people who are not white are really all white. Proof is not needed for fascist type propaganda which builds on a basal resentment no matter how deep down it resides. Again the more people repeat the unfounded lie the more people come to believe it—this is only a superficial belief which lends to the instability of this method of propaganda. Here this mythical “whiteness” is only used to whip up guilty emotions and cannot stand as an actual critique, since race does not determine political viewpoint and race science is denounced by Marxists. What is insinuated is far more devious, charges of “all white” implicitly claim that these organizations either bar people who are not white from joining (making them white supremacist organizations) or that they just consciously refuse struggle alongside the most oppressed sections of the masses, and focus exclusively on white struggles (again white supremacy)—in both cases this translates to arguing that an anti-fascist movement is the real fascist movement. The so-called internet left has come around again to agree with the internet right.  Since repeating lies is the argumentation of the internet personalities, we find ourselves having to repeat the truth, a truth which is not always in line with the controversial Jerry Springer type entertainment which these people want to consume—the RG movement across the country is diverse, and with a consideration for the population diversity in this country if anything has a higher representation of people who are not white than the per-capita demographics of the country, not that this is a particularly crucial point when evaluating a political line or the quality of work exemplified by a movement.

As detailed in our paper, and elaborated more in the upcoming book “Colonization and Vengeance: Toward a Maoist Analysis of the Chicano Nation,” three lines exist on the Chicano national question: Socialist reunification, national minority (or the Chicano Nation liquidationist line) and Chicano national liberation line.

Our blogger ends their short criticism with a call for the socialist reunification of the Chicano Nation with Mexico, as well as a multinational indigenous republic hurriedly lumping in all 500-plus indigenous nations (Never mind that they offer no Marxist analysis for a single one of these nations). These are massive assertions with a gaping chasm of theoretical backing. They are empty claims. This is sloganeering and repeating what the nationalists, Third-Worldists and revisionists say.

But we owe it to the oppressed, to the natives – the native nations and groups, the Chicano Nation, the Black Nation, all U.S.-occupied native land – to apply Marxism as the science it is to investigate and analyze the concrete national conditions and to move toward a revolutionary war against U.S. imperialism. After all, we are in the third epoch of worldwide strategic offensive – having been initiated by the Communist Party of Peru and Presidente Gonzalo in 1980 at the start of the People’s War and the synthesizing of Maoism as the weapon of the international proletariat. Despite bends in the road, retreats, restorations, the proletariat and oppressed nations victory over capitalism and imperialism is guaranteed.

Chicanos make up a distinct nationality, apart from Mexico. Historically, ever since the robbing of nearly half of Mexico’s territory at the end of the Mexican-American War in 1848, Chicanos have been rounded up by the White Nation, brutalized, displaced from their land, tortured and killed. In Mexico, people of Mexican descent did not and do not experience Mexican national oppression. They are the majority and in power. Our culture, economy, language and territory are vastly different from that of Mexico, and of course the U.S. We don’t belong anywhere except here in the Chicano Nation, in our home. Our population has called this land home for thousands of years. Many of our indigenous lineages can be traced to the Aztecs, who are native to the Southwest, as well as Yaquis, Pueblos, etc. Chicanos, like the Canadian Metis, only became a nation through settler-colonialism, war and struggle. To be Chicano is to acknowledge your indigeneity forever altered by colonization, understanding that often for many of us there is no home tribe or nation we can name. But our families go back generations to the Southwest, before and after 1848. We therefore are not immigrants. We are natives.

We have to quote a summary of this line from our position paper. It is unavoidable. It is baffling that our blogger upholds socialist reunification but it is apparent they did not bother to even read this section! So here it is – we want to force this down the throat of any revisionist who dares assert socialist reunification is viable:

It is a thoroughly revisionist and even racist position, despite its militant posturing. It is revisionist because it liquidates the Marxist conception and position on nationhood. The Southwest region, regardless of one’s thoughts or opinions, is a vastly different area culturally, politically, economically and linguistically from Mexico – and even from the rest of the U.S. Union del Barrio and the other pan-nationalists claim the Chicano Nation belongs to Mexico, that it is undeserving of independent nationhood, for in their ultimate flat analysis all of Latin America, including the U.S. in it – which they dub Nuestra America – is one, vaguely, ignorantly and proudly.

A reunification of the Chicano Nation with Mexico would be disastrous. There is nothing progressive of integrating into a narco-fascist corrupt capitalist empire. How would this reunification strengthen or advance the proletarian struggle? It wouldn’t. It would devastate the Southwest, sending it backwards, not forwards.

Even the socialist part of their reunification line is inconceivable. They advocate for a reverse national liberation revolution while also simultaneously defeating capitalism and establishing a pan-American socialist republic. Why not just launch a Global People’s War to build immediate communism too while they’re at it?

Two contradictions cannot exist at the same time, occupying the same exact place; one has to overcome the other; one is primary, the other secondary. So, which is it? Does the Chicano Nation need to be returned to Mexico first? Or does it and the rest of Mexico need to launch a socialist revolution first? To advocate for both at the same time is, at best, an idealist death wish, or, at worst, a treacherous death wish.

You cannot uphold the existence of the Chicano Nation, defend its right for national liberation, while also saying that nation should be returned to Mexico. Returning a nation to a nation-state liquidates said nation. Aztlán is its own nation. It is not, like our French blogger says, “Northern Mexico.”

Why we changed our line from separatism to countrywide PPW

To uphold national liberation one must uphold the nation as a whole, including the social classes of said nation. After all, national liberation is not about the proletariat emancipating itself but the nation freeing itself. The Chicano Nation – as a nation – has the two fundamentally and diametrically opposed classes, the proletariat and the bourgeoisie. But the bourgeoisie is small, and even smaller is the national bourgeoisie – the most progressive sector of the bourgeoisie. The Chicano bourgeoisie is mainly comprador and cannot be united with for they are the lapdogs of U.S. imperialism.

The Chicano proletariat is the revolutionary subject in the Chicano Nation and is part of the countrywide and international proletariat, the harbingers of revolution and death to capitalism.

As stated in our updated Chicano Nation position paper, we changed our line supporting the establishment of an indigenous republic of the southwest governed by a Joint Dictatorship of the Proletariat of the Indigenous and Chicano Nations because of the inevitable and unavoidable risks and dangers to the survivability of the liberated nation and all other oppressed nations, in particular the Black Nation.

A revolution – a PPW – on the continental U.S. land base would have to apply the most advanced strategy and method of warfare to guarantee victory and lasting liberation. The only proletarian method of war is PPW. Applying this method in the U.S. must involve a countrywide PPW, not an isolated (be it national or sectional) PPW, and encircling the enemy from the edges of the continental U.S., jointly working with indigenous nations and the Black Nation – primarily focusing on their proletariat. PPW has to start somewhere. And for the U.S., we reaffirm RGA’s thesis that the revolution will start in the Sunbelt region, most likely in the Black Nation, and sweep up and around the entire country like a crescent eclipse, closing in on the final phases of a fading moribund U.S. imperialism.

This by no means is the final chapter in theorizing PPW in the U.S. prison house of nations. More articles, not only from RGLA and other Red Guards formations, will be published in the near future elaborating more on how PPW must be a culmination of correct Maoist conclusions, bringing the correct development of the militarization of the Party and the masses, the concentric construction of the Maoist Three Instruments, the Party, the People’s Army and the United Front, and of bringing the correct understanding of our country’s national question into the fore.

Critics like the French blogger would, without a sound analysis (let alone a publicized position), posture for Chicano, indigenous and Black national liberation but only parroting the words of others and doing no independent investigation – how do we know this? Because they offer no Marxist basis and explanation of how their theory is correct. They are scared revisionists. This is the trend of contemporary revisionists who claim to uphold the banner of Maoism. They say all the right things; PPW is universal; Revolutionary violence is the universal law to conquer political power; the mass line incorporates the sea of masses into the People’s Army; we must militarize the party and the masses. They repeat everything without fully knowing what they are saying. They are cowards, afraid of being found alone and interrogated as to why they are Maoist. They’ll cower and capitulate to postmodernist identity politics when confronted by paper tigers of color. They are cowards and undeserving of compassion.

Throw away petite-bourgeoisie phrase-mongering and posturing! Investigate, apply Marxism-Leninism-Maoism, principally Maoism! Uphold the three components of Marxism: dialectical and historical materialism, Marxist political economy and scientific socialism. Investigate and question everything. Formulate correct lines on the national question, particularly in the U.S. The colonized subjects in the U.S. do not deserve paternalism, pity or tokenism; we deserve to be the masters of revolutionary warfare against U.S. imperialism. Nothing else will suffice.

To be a Maoist in the U.S., especially belonging to one of the oppressed nations, means to be brave and daring and firm on the universal truth of rupture as the basis for transformation and unity. As Maoists, as the PCP affirms, we are condemned to win!

Downloadable PDF of this document here.